UCLA Sloan Center on Everyday Lives of Families Working Paper No. 43 2005
This study compares the parenting styles of two families and finds that parenting styles are not as clear-cut as they have been portrayed in the psychological literature, in particular by scholars who adopt the work of Baumrind (1989). Parents may have a mixture of styles and or characteristics that exhibit features of permissive, authoritarian, and authoritative styles. The parenting styles have consequences for development both socially and cognitively in children. How children interact with others and roles they construct in sibling interaction are intimately related to how parents and children build interactive frameworks within the family. Children’s ability to reason and use logic is also affected by how their parents present these concepts in discipline; whether they explain or threaten as a way to change behavior may shape children’s future development.